feel like a social commentary after not doing sth like that.
domestic helpers have been around in hong kong at least since i was born
according to wiki, as a result of china’s boom, labor industries moved back to mainland with lots of laborers following. as a result, high profit/service industries grew in hong kong. the women labour force was forced to be mobolized. all of this coincided with Philippine’s declaration of the new labor code where citizens could go work overseas as domestic helpers. without no one to take care of the household, filipino helpers soon became popular among HK families.and the common practice of hk families to have both parents working have kept this practice ongoing.
the reason why i suddenly came upon this topic was because i did a collage for my manang back in christmas. and she brought it out few days ago to boast to her friends. got me to think on the topic.
the benefits of having a manang are obvious
– a income of a working parent definitely outweighs that of a manang. therefore, higher income -> higher standard of living
– emancipation of women from household chores -> more leisure time. parallels the increasing social status of women in society
and at this point. i am going to stop for a moment. you think for a while what are the costs for country exporting these manang and for the manang herself
– loss of labor (skilled labor which value is never realized )
– loss in population in women -> unbalanced gender issues
– social costs of “orphaned” children, divorces
– loss in cultural confidence, cultural pride
if given the choice, people will choose to be manangs period.
with the job of a manang, you are able to ENSURE economic prosperity for your family. (even at a minimum wage of $3850 per month, it’s still much higher than the average wage in philippines)
much of philippines is still rural. transportation networks and infrastructure are almost non-existent, which means it is difficult to get a job in the city unless you relocate there.
if both options of high wage involve relocation, why choose the one that involves risk, risk of the marketplace, of being fired?
it is also known that being a manang in HK is not a horrible life (in most cases) and the labour department does a good job of protecting them, on behalf of their government.
for the government, it’s the same choice between risk and stability
with a free market, there’s associated risks. the economy’s up and downs, competition, lack of resources to become a competitive player in the global market, because of barriers of entry.
Philippines can piggy back ride hong kong on its economic prosperity.
although you would normally classify domestic work into the service sector, it’s arguable that it should belong in the primary sector, as there is so little value added. the work involved is manual labor.
it’s an anomaly that has stood still since the ancient civilization: servants.
slavery was supposed to eradicate it in USA. latino and immigrants have replaced it. the fundamental reason stands that as long as the cost of hiring a nanny is lower than another working adult’s age, then the choice is justified. (simply put, money talks everything)
me saying this, is there a link below for me to click to support an eradication of the domestic helper scheme.
i’ve lived in this society with these beliefs since i was wrong. i cannot answer you whether it is right or wrong. from an economic standpoint, as i’ve explained, it’s a justified decision for both the government and the manang.
how life would be different without it, i don’t know..